Chief markers of Goldenhar syndrome are incomplete development of the ear, nose, soft palate, lip, andmandible on usually one side of the body. Additionally, some patients will have growing issues with internal organs, especially heart, kidneys, and lungs. Typically, the organ will either not be present on one side or will be underdeveloped. Note that whilet it is more usual for there to be problems on only one side, it has been known for defects to occur bilaterally (approximate incidence 10% of confirmed GS cases).
Other problems can include severe scoliosis (twisting of the vertebrae), limbal dermoids, and hearing loss(see hearing loss with craniofacial syndromes).Deafness/blindness in one or both ears/eyes.